Allergy navigation: medicines and remedies


Allergies are adverse reactions of the immune system to generally harmless substances, and affect millions of people worldwide. Whether it’s a seasonal pollen allergy , an embarrassing food reaction or unexplained itchy skin, allergies can significantly affect your quality of life. Fortunately, many medicines and remedies are available to help treat these allergic reactions and restore comfort to everyday life.

What are antihistamines ?

Antihistamines are one of the main treatments for allergies. They work by blocking the action of histamine, a chemical released by the immune system in response to allergies. Histamine is responsible for many allergy symptoms such as sneezing, itching, hives and nasal congestion. Antihistamines relieve these symptoms by preventing histamine from attaching to receptors, thus reducing the inflammatory response.

There are two generations of antihistamines

The first generation can cause drowsiness due to its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, while the second generation has been developed to be less drowsy. Over-the-counter drugs such as loratadine, cetirizine and fexofenadine belong to the second generation and are often chosen for their efficacy and tolerability.

Remedies for allergies


For allergic reactions causing nasal congestion, decongestants are a great help. By narrowing the vessels of the nasal mucosa, reducing swelling and facilitating breathing. However, prolonged use should be avoided, as it can lead to a “rebound” phenomenon where congestion returns with greater intensity when the medication is stopped.


Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatories, often used totreat more severe allergic reactions . They come in nasal sprays, creams and even tablets. Corticosteroids work by suppressing the inflammation caused by the immune system in response to allergens. However, long-term use requires close medical supervision due to possible side effects.


Immunotherapy offers an innovative approach to the treatment of allergies. It involves the gradual administration of specific allergens to accustom the immune system to these substances. Over time, this can reduce allergic reactivity. This approach is particularly effective for severe seasonal allergies .

Natural remedies

In addition to traditional medication, many people turn to natural remedies to control allergies. Substances such as quercetin, found in certain foods, probiotics and essential oils, have been studied for their potential efficacy in reducing allergy symptoms. However, it is important to consult a health professional before adopting these methods.


Overcoming the challenges of allergies can seem complicated, but with the many treatment options available, you can find comfort. The choice of treatment depends on the nature of the allergy, its severity and personal preferences. It is important to consult a doctor for a precise diagnosis and appropriate recommendations. With a thoughtful approach and a partnership with healthcare professionals, it’s possible to successfully overcome the allergy scene and return to a problem-free life.